Family stream migrants are selected based on their family relationship with their sponsor in Australia. It has four main categories, namely: parent, child, partner and others.
This category of visas is for parents who wish to migrate to Australia to be with their children.
There are two pathways for parents wishing to migrate to Australia:
- Non-contributory (subclass 103)
- This is a cheaper pathway, but the quota is capped for each year and therefore the processing time is extremely long. The estimated processing time is around 30 years.
- Contributory (subclass 173/143)
- a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143). This is also a permanent visa. It is processed faster than but costs more than the non-contributory subclass 103 visa.
- a Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173), then a permanent Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143). This two-step process is also faster but costs more than the non-contributory subclass 103 visa. It also costs more than applying directly for the Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143) but the cost is spread across the two visas over a longer period of time.
- The processing time of contributory visas is around two to three years.
- The parent(s) must be sponsored by one of their children and the child must be an Australian citizen or permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen who is settled in Australia. The sponsor should be age 18 or above.
- The parent(s) must pass the balance-of-family test
- The parent(s) must lodge their application offshore, unless one of the parents reach the age of 65 for lodging an aged parent visas (subclass 804) or a contributory aged parent visa (subclass 864).
- Good health and character
- Assurance of report must be obtained
This category of visa allows a child to travel to and remain in Australia with their parent(s).
All the visas within this category require the parent acts as a sponsor for the child and can lodge the visa application on behalf of the child. The sponsoring parent must be an Australian citizen, permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen.
Tips from FortuneChance:
Children born in Australia automatically acquire Australian citizenship if at least one parent is an Australian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth.
Children born outside Australia to permanent resident parents do not automatically acquire Australian citizenship and they are not eligible for citizenship by descent. Therefore, the children will need to apply for and be granted a permanent visa to be able to enter and remain in Australia with their parents.
This category of visa allows people in a relationship with an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen to be sponsored for a visa to live in Australia.
There are two visa types in partner category:
- Partner visa - for a spouse or de facto partner of a sponsor who is an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen (subclass 309/100 or 820/801)
- This type application has two stages - A temporary visa is granted first (with full work and travel rights and access to healthcare benefit). A permanent visa will be further process two years later.
- Prospective marriage visa - for a fiancé who is engaged and intend to marry an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen (subclass 300)
- This is a 9-month temporary visa for the fiancé to travel to Australia to marry his/her Australian partner (sponsor). Once the applicant has entered Australia and married his/ her sponsor within the required 9 month period, the applicant can apply for onshore Partner visas (subclass 820/801).